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Livelihoods News from the Field

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Commonc tenrec
The common tenrec (Tenrec ecaudatus) is an insectivorous land mammal than is eaten by people throughout Madagascar.
Bats in the cooking pot
These Hipposideros bats are collected from caves by people in the south and west of Madagascar .
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Ethical guidelines for interviews


Torolàlana ho an'ny fikarohana mahakasika ny olona: adidin'ny mpikaroka amin'ny mpandray anjara

Ethical guidelines for good practice for research involving people: responsibilities towards research participants

(adapted from the Association of Social Anthropologists of the UK and Commonwealth

(1) Miaro ny mpandray anjara ary manaja ny fahatokisany: Adidin'ny mpikaroka ny miaro ny olona anaovany fikarohana, na ara-batana, na ara-tsaina, na eo amin'ny fiaraha-monina, ary manaja zo sy tombo-tsoa ary tsiambaratelony. Raha misy ny tsy fitovizan-kevitra dia ny zo sy ny tombotsoan'ny olona anaovana fikarohana no tsinjovina mialoha.

(1) Protecting research participants and honouring trust: Researchers should endeavour to protect the physical, social and psychological well-being of those whom they study and to respect their rights, interests, sensitivities and privacy. Where there is conflict, the interests and rights of those studied should come first. Where it is not possible to fully guarantee research participants' interests, we should consider whether the research is appropriate.

(2) Fanontaniana mety handratra: Tokony hotandremana mba tsy handratra ny olona anontaniana ny fanaovana fanadihadiana, eny fa na dia efa nanaiky hamaly ny fanontaniana azan y olona. Tokony hotsinjovin'ny mpikaroka mialoha ny mety ho vokatry ny fikarohana ataony, amin'ny olona anontaniany mivantana, sy amin'ny fiaraha-monina misy azy, na eo no ho eo, na any aoriana.

(2) Anticipating harm: Researchers should be sensitive to the possible consequences of their work and should guard against predictably harmful effects. Consent from subjects does not absolve us from our obligation to protect research participants against the potentially harmful effects of research. Researchers may be better placed than (at the least, some of) their informants to anticipate the possible repercussions of their research both for the immediate participants and for other members of the research population or the wider society.

(3) Aza miditra amin'ny fiainan'ny olona! Ny mpikaroka dia tokony mahatsapa fa mety handalina mikasika ny fiainan'ny mpandray anjara ny fanontaniana apetrany. Tsy afaka miditra amin'ny fiainan'ny mpandray anjara nefa izy. Mety ho faly ny olona sasany amin'ny fanontaniana apetraka, ny hafa kosa mety sahirana. Anjaran'ny mpikaroka ny mandanjalanja.

(3) Avoiding undue intrusion: Researchers should be aware of the intrusive potential of some of their enquiries and methods. We should remember that we have no special entitlement to intrude on people's lives. For research participants becoming the subject of research can be a welcome experience, but it can also be a disturbing one.

(4) Mangataka alalana avy amin'ny mpandray anjara: Tsy terena, na an-kolaka na mivantana ny olona handray anjara amin'ny fanadihadiana. Rehefa manaiky an-kalalahana hamaly ny fanontaniana ny mpandray anjara vao afaka atomboka ny fanadihadiana. Tsy maintsy hazavaina amin'ny mpandray anjara ny tanjon'ny fanadihadiana, ary ny mety ho vokatry ny fandraisany anjara na tsia. Tokony ho azony fa an-tsitra-po ny fandraisana anjara fa tsy terena, ary afaka ajanona amin'ny fotoana rehetra. Raha hampiasa fakantsary na fitaovana fandraisam-peo dia tokony hazavaina ny antony ampiasana izany, ary mangataka alalana amin'ny mpandray anjara.

(4) Negotiating informed consent: Research involving human subjects should be based on the freely given informed consent of subjects. The principle of informed consent expresses the belief in the need for truthful and respectful exchanges between social researchers and the people whom they study. Informants must understand the purpose of the research, the likely repercussions of participating or not participating. They should understand that participation is voluntary and that they can withdraw at anytime. When audio/visual-recorders and photographic records are being used those studied should be made aware of the capacities of such devices and be free to reject their use.

(5) Tsiambaratelo: Tsy maintsy raketina ho tsiambaratelo ny resaka atao amin'ny mpandray anjara ary tsy tokony holazaina na hosoratana ny anarany amin'ny fotoana rehetra. Ny mpikaroka dia tokony mandanjalanja raha tena ilaina ny fametrahana fanontaniana mikasika ny olona anaovana fanadihadiana, ary tokony mitandrina amin'ny fitahirizana ny vokatra aorian'ny fikarohana.

(5) Rights to confidentiality and anonymity: informants and other research participants should have the right to remain anonymous and to have their rights to privacy and confidentiality respected. Researchers should consider whether it is necessary to even record certain information at all; should take appropriate measures relating to the storage and security of records during and after fieldwork; and should use where appropriate such means as the removal of identifiers, the use of pseudonyms and other technical solutions to the problems of privacy in field records and in oral and written forms of data dissemination (whether or not this is enjoined by law or administrative regulation).

(6) Tambiny mifandanja amin'ny asa natao: Tsy tokony hisy ny fanambakana ara-bola na ara-pitaovana ny olona mpandray anjara amin'ny fikarohana; tokony honerana araka ny asa sy fanampiana nomeny izy ireo. Rehefa vita ny fanadihadiana dia omena fotoana hametrahana fanontaniana amin'ny mpikaroka koa ny olona anontaniana ary adidin'ny mpikaroka ny mamaly izany an-tsakany sy an-davany.

(6) Fair return for assistance: There should be no economic exploitation of individual informants, translators and research participants; fair return should be made for their help and services.

Natao hampiasain'ny mpiasa rehetra ato amin'ny Madagasikara Voakajy ity torolàlana ity. Ireo rehetra nandray sy namaky azy dia tokony hanao Sonia eto ambany.

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